The elementary program provides a full expression of the Montessori principles of self-directed, individualized learning in a truly integrated curriculum. By building on basic skills acquired through manipulation of specially prepared materials, the elementary child moves from the concrete to the abstract reasoning. The elementary program offers individualized instruction, which means that the child may work and be helped on an individual basis.
Individualized learning establishes more exclusive contact between the child, the teacher, and the work. No child feels pressure to conform or feels he/she is performing better than or worse than his/her peers, because the children all understand they are each working at their own pace. Grades, as understood in a traditional school, are not given out. The child compares his/her work to his/her goals, and works to improve from within. The environment encourages children to love learning for its own sake. In a Montessori elementary classroom the children are ready to explore the world at large-what Montessori calls “Cosmic Education” – including the sciences, the arts and the universe. Students at this level explore the realm of mathematics, science and technology, great literature, history, world geography, and the basic organization of human societies. Their studies cover memorization of math facts, spelling lessons, and the study of vocabulary, grammar, sentence analysis, creative and expository writing, and library research skills.